Friday, 7 October 2011


Naval operations, suspended (on strong pressures of Austria) in the lower Adriatic and Ionian seas, but continued with greater intensity in the Red Sea.These operations were intended to prevent that Turkey could, through that sea, Sudan and Egypt, to pass weapons and armed to protect Cireniaca and Eritrea, the Turks said they wanted to harass.Giolitti, to accelerate the conclusion of the war and hit the turkish empire in its vital centers, he pointed out the possibility of extending operations to the islands of the Aegean and the Dardanelles. But the other European powers objected strongly, and fortunately they were those "friends" of the Alliance, starting with Austria, which declared that the occupation of the Aegean islands from the Italian part of the agreement was contrary to threefold.
 Germany was also opposed and undertook to put pressure on Austria to give the green light to military action in the Aegean , but only because he feared that a long war of attrition would have weakened Italy too, and endangered the existence of the same triple. But William II, said it should not be underestimated, that the Italian presence in the Aegean (Turkey weakening beyond measure) constituted a serious threat and a grave danger  (and already foreshadowed) to the detriment of the Empire in the Balkans 
The Italian naval operations, also aimed to make untenable or at least difficult the situation of the Turks in the Arabian peninsula, among other things that of being disturbed by agents of Giolitti, supported, financed and arming the insurgency Said Idriss, Emir of Hesse, who fought against the Ottoman army commanded by Izzet Pasha.Commanding the Italian naval forces in the Red Sea was Captain FERONI Cerrina, who had never given respite to Turkish ports, had repeatedly made bomb attacks on enemy camps on the coast of the Arabian and was a ruthless fighter to ships of the Ottoman Empire, The latest Turkish vessels were destroyed in the Red Sea on January 7, 1912 in front of Kunfuda. File:Beirut battle.jpgHere's how the events of the brilliant action according to the report of Commander Cerrina-Ferroni: aboveizzet pasha
"Convinced that many Turkish gunboats had fled inland into the canals of Farisan, probably towards Kunfuda, and large sections of troops were in Loheja,and  Kunluda Midy Idecided to operate simultaneously with all available ships in Massawa, coordinating their actions so to prevent the escape of the gunboats. To hide the intent, I did make a preliminary diversion from Calabria and Puglia with the bombing of the camp Gebaltar. Immediately after commanding the  Piedmont, Garibaldi and began to explore the coast from Jeddah, then take the inner channel of Farsan Lidh and continue south. I sent at the same time,the battleships Calabria and Puglia,  to invest Loheja Afidy, we bombed the camp, destroying the fort of Midy, beating the columns of troops marching towards Loheja with their camels. Meanwhile, the Piedmont, the Garibaldi continuing into the North Channel, on day 7 in Kunfuda saw seven Turkish gunboats, and the yacht Fouwette,. At 6000 meters from the canal I opened fire   while waiting for the Piedmont and the oncoming Garibaldi."Along with  the Turkish batteries on the ground a violent battle that lasted almost three hours and finished the night with a complete immobilisation of the enemy, who, demoralized, abandoned ships.. No damage on the Italian side. The next morning, recognizing the impossibility of recovering some gunboats as too damaged, I completed their destruction with artillery and fire also the building with the Turkish flag.
 The enemy has abandoned Kunfuda. During the night the crews abandoned their gunboats, landing on the beach ammunition, and flags, the next morning  the armies of Piedmont , landed on the ground, requisitioned.  many trophies of war, many machine guns, nautical instruments, boats and flags. Among the gunboats destroyed one was 500 tons, armed with 76 guns and 37 machine guns, one of 350 tons with 65 guns and 35 machine guns Five of 200 tons with 47 guns and 37 machine guns, all on deck, . "The task of the Italian ships, especially those of the Mediterranean, was also aimed at tackling smuggling on a large scale that was exercised by the Tunisian and Egyptian borders. One of the Libyan coast, near the Tunisian border, where smuggling was exercised more.
 Iris The Italian battleship and torpedo Cassiopeia went there on December 19 to perform a reconnaissance and operated a landing at Sidi Said,  made after a lively battle with a band of 400 Arabs, half of which were on the ground.

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